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Speaking fluent DVT (Deep vein thrombosis)

Woman with DVT speech bubble

Learn the jargon, feel empowered

Why learn to speak ?

Speaking the medical language can help you feel more confident about your treatment and condition. You may have noticed that doctors and nurses have a tendency to speak in jargon, or alternatively may gloss over points that they feel are too “medical”. If you want to have a better understanding of what your doctor is saying and the ability to follow up with more detailed questions, then knowing the jargon can take you a long way.

You will also find that this skill is helpful if you decide to research your condition online. Knowing the jargon can help you narrow your search, identify more medically focused, academic papers to read, and it can even help you separate the experts from the non-experts online.

Useful terms

Anti Xa factor

A key mechanism in the clotting process that can be inhibited by a number of anticoagulation medications.


The technical term for a medicine that prolongs the time it takes for the blood to clot. Although commonly referred to as “blood thinners”, anticoagulants do not actually thin the blood.

Blood clot

The gel-like form that blood takes when it forms a plug, often as the result of an injury to the vessel wall. If this happens in a deep vein (like in the leg) then the clot can interrupt the normal flow of blood. (See also: , & )

Cancer Associated ()

Term used for patients' whose blood clot, or , was caused in part by their cancer or cancer treatment.

A medical term for the clotting process, when blood changes from a liquid form to a thick clot with a gel-like consistency.

CT Scan (Computerised Tomography)

A scan that allows your doctor to see your organs in a 2- dimensional image.

D-dimer blood test

A test that detects the breakdown products of a clot. A negative result means there is no evidence of a . A positive test requires further investigation.

Deep Vein ()

The condition that describes when a blood clot, or , develops in a deep vein. (See also: & )

Direct Oral Anticoagulant ()

One of several treatments for blood clots. Speak to your medical doctor on what treatment option is suited for you. 

A piece of that has broken away from the main clot.

Impedance plethysmography

An ultrasound exam that can be performed on the legs in order to detect formation of a . It is non- invasive and performed by moving a hand-held device up and down along the legs.

International normalized radio (INR)

A test that indicates how your prescription is working and whether adjustments are needed. The target range for therapy is between 2 and 3.

Low molecular weight heparin

One of several treatments for blood clots. Speak to your medical doctor on what treatment option is suited for you.  

Lung scan or Ventilation Perfusion Scan (VQ scan)

A test used to identify pulmonary embolism (). It allows doctors to examine air and blood flow in the lungs.


See: Impedance plethysmography

Post thrombotic syndrome ()

A term used to describe the long-term effects that can follow from a . Symptoms may include pain, swelling, itching or tingling, skin discolouration and leg ulcers.

Pulmonary angiogram

An X-ray image of the lung’s blood vessels that is used to detect a pulmonary embolism (). In this procedure, a special contrast dye is injected into blood vessels via the groin or arm. As the dye shows up in X- ray images, it allows practitioners to identify a .

Pulmonary Embolism ()

The condition that describes when a (or piece of a ) has travelled from its original location, through the heart and on to the lungs. can be life threatening, so call an ambulance or  consult a physician immediately if you think you have one.

If a blood clot remains stationary instead of dissolving as it should, it is referred to as a “”.

Unfractionated Heparin ()

One of several treatments for blood clots. Speak to your medical doctor on what treatment option is suited for you.  

A less-common test that identifies blood clots in the leg by injecting a special dye into a vein on the foot. An X-ray is then used to identify if there is a clot.

Venous thromboembolism ()

The formation of blood clots in the vein. When a clot forms in a deep vein, usually in the leg, it is called a deep vein or . If that clot breaks loose and travels to the lungs, it is called a pulmonary embolism or . and are collectively referred to as .

Vitamin K antagonists ()

An that reduces clotting by inhibiting the body’s Vitamin K enzyme, which is essential for producing proteins that enable the clotting process.


MAT 50148 Last approved March 2022

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